How Mesothelioma Works: Understanding the Deadly Disease

Thank you for taking the time to learn about mesothelioma. Unfortunately, this deadly disease has affected thousands of families around the world. Understanding how mesothelioma works is essential in helping those who are at risk or have been diagnosed with this aggressive form of cancer.

What is Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that develops in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of our internal organs called the mesothelium. This type of cancer is primarily caused by exposure to asbestos fibers.

🔍 Mesothelioma is often referred to as the “silent killer” because symptoms can take up to 50 years to appear, making early detection challenging.

How Does Mesothelioma Develop?

The development of mesothelioma begins when a person inhales or swallows toxic asbestos fibers. Once these fibers enter the body, they become trapped in the mesothelium lining, causing inflammation and scarring over time. This scarring eventually leads to the development of cancer cells.

🔍 Mesothelioma is most commonly found in the lining of the lungs, but it can also develop in the lining of the abdomen, heart, and testicles.

Stages of Mesothelioma

Stage Description
Stage 1 The cancer is localized and has not spread to other parts of the body.
Stage 2 The cancer has spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes.
Stage 3 The cancer has spread to distant organs and lymph nodes.
Stage 4 The cancer has spread extensively throughout the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Mesothelioma

🔍 Mesothelioma symptoms can often be mistaken for other illnesses, making early detection challenging. However, some common signs and symptoms include:

Pleural Mesothelioma (Lungs)

– Shortness of breath

– Chest pain

– Persistent cough

– Fatigue

Peritoneal Mesothelioma (Abdomen)

– Abdominal pain and swelling

– Nausea and vomiting

– Loss of appetite

– Unexplained weight loss

Treatment Options for Mesothelioma

🔍 Mesothelioma treatment options will depend on the stage of the cancer and the patient’s overall health. Below are some common treatments:


– Extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP)

– Pleurectomy with Decortication (P/D)

– Cytoreduction with HIPEC

Radiation Therapy

– External beam radiation therapy (EBRT)

– Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT)

– Brachytherapy


– Systemic chemotherapy

– Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy

FAQs About Mesothelioma

1. What Causes Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is primarily caused by exposure to asbestos fibers.

2. Who is at Risk for Developing Mesothelioma?

People who have worked with asbestos or have been exposed to asbestos fibers are at risk for developing mesothelioma.

3. Can Mesothelioma Be Prevented?

Mesothelioma can be prevented by avoiding exposure to asbestos fibers.

4. How is Mesothelioma Diagnosed?

Mesothelioma is diagnosed through a series of tests, including imaging scans, biopsies, and blood tests.

5. Is Mesothelioma Curable?

There is currently no cure for mesothelioma, but treatment options can help improve survival rates and quality of life.

6. How Long Can Someone Live with Mesothelioma?

Survival rates for mesothelioma depend on the stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and the type of treatment received.

7. What Should I Do If I Think I Have Mesothelioma?

If you think you have mesothelioma, seek medical attention right away. Early detection and treatment can improve your chances of survival.


🔍 Now that you understand how mesothelioma works, it is important to raise awareness about this deadly disease. If you or someone you know has been exposed to asbestos, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Early detection and treatment can save lives.

Together, we can help prevent the devastating effects of mesothelioma.

Closing Disclaimer

This article is intended for educational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice. If you have any concerns about your health or think you may have mesothelioma, please seek medical attention right away.