Intraperitoneal Mesothelioma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Welcome to our article about intraperitoneal mesothelioma, a rare but aggressive form of cancer. We understand that receiving a diagnosis of mesothelioma can be overwhelming and confusing, and that’s why we’ve put together this comprehensive guide to help you better understand the disease and your treatment options. In this article, we’ll cover the causes, symptoms, and treatment of intraperitoneal mesothelioma in detail, so you can make informed decisions about your health.

What is Intraperitoneal Mesothelioma?

Intraperitoneal mesothelioma is a type of cancer that affects the lining of the abdomen, known as the peritoneum. It is caused by exposure to asbestos, a naturally occurring mineral that was once commonly used in construction, manufacturing, and other industries. When asbestos fibers are inhaled or ingested, they can become lodged in the mesothelial cells that cover the internal organs, including the peritoneum, and over time, can cause cancerous mutations.

Causes of Intraperitoneal Mesothelioma

As mentioned earlier, intraperitoneal mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos fibers. However, it’s important to note that not everyone who is exposed to asbestos will develop mesothelioma. The risk of developing mesothelioma depends on several factors, including the duration and intensity of the exposure, the type of asbestos fibers inhaled or ingested, and individual genetic and environmental factors.

Some of the most common sources of asbestos exposure include:

Source Description
Occupational Exposure People who worked in industries where asbestos was commonly used, such as construction, shipbuilding, and automotive manufacturing, are at a higher risk of developing mesothelioma.
Environmental Exposure People who lived near asbestos mines or factories, or who were exposed to asbestos-containing products at home, such as insulation, roofing materials, and flooring, may also be at risk of developing mesothelioma.
Secondary Exposure Family members of people who worked with asbestos may also be at risk of developing mesothelioma, as asbestos fibers can be carried home on clothing, shoes, and hair.

Symptoms of Intraperitoneal Mesothelioma

The symptoms of intraperitoneal mesothelioma can be vague and non-specific, which can make it difficult to diagnose. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Swelling or fluid buildup in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Fatigue

Diagnosis of Intraperitoneal Mesothelioma

Diagnosing intraperitoneal mesothelioma can be challenging, as the symptoms can mimic other, more common conditions. If your doctor suspects that you may have mesothelioma, they will likely order several diagnostic tests, including:

  • Imaging tests, such as CT scans, PET scans, or MRI scans, to look for abnormalities in the abdominal area
  • A biopsy, in which a small sample of tissue is removed from the peritoneum and examined under a microscope to look for cancerous cells
  • Blood tests, which can help to rule out other conditions and provide information about the extent of the cancer

Treatment of Intraperitoneal Mesothelioma

Like other types of mesothelioma, intraperitoneal mesothelioma is difficult to treat and often has a poor prognosis. However, there are several treatment options available, including:

  • Surgery: If the cancer is detected early and has not spread to other areas of the body, surgery may be an option to remove as much of the tumor as possible.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs are used to kill cancer cells and slow the progression of the disease.
  • Radiotherapy: Radiation therapy involves using high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.
  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy drugs work by helping the body’s own immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.


What is the survival rate for intraperitoneal mesothelioma?

The survival rate for intraperitoneal mesothelioma is generally between 6 and 12 months, although this can vary depending on several factors, such as the stage of the cancer, the age and overall health of the patient, and the effectiveness of the treatment.

Is there a cure for intraperitoneal mesothelioma?

Currently, there is no cure for intraperitoneal mesothelioma. However, there are several treatment options available that can help to manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.

Can intraperitoneal mesothelioma be prevented?

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent mesothelioma, there are several steps that you can take to minimize your risk of exposure to asbestos, such as avoiding contact with asbestos-containing materials, following proper safety procedures in industries where asbestos is commonly used, and wearing protective gear when working around asbestos.

What is the difference between intraperitoneal mesothelioma and other types of mesothelioma?

Intraperitoneal mesothelioma specifically affects the peritoneum, or the lining of the abdomen. Other types of mesothelioma can affect the lining of the lungs, heart, or testicles.

How long does it take for mesothelioma to develop after asbestos exposure?

The latency period for mesothelioma can vary widely, but it is usually between 20 and 50 years after exposure to asbestos.

Are there any new treatments being developed for intraperitoneal mesothelioma?

Yes, there are several new treatments being developed for intraperitoneal mesothelioma, such as targeted therapy drugs and gene therapy. These treatments are still in the experimental stage, but they show promise for improving survival rates and reducing side effects.

What are the long-term side effects of treatment for intraperitoneal mesothelioma?

The long-term side effects of treatment for intraperitoneal mesothelioma can vary depending on the type and intensity of the treatment. Some common side effects include fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hair loss, and an increased risk of infection. Your doctor will discuss the potential side effects with you before beginning treatment.

How can I find an experienced mesothelioma specialist?

You can find an experienced mesothelioma specialist by asking your primary care doctor for a referral, searching online for mesothelioma treatment centers, or contacting a mesothelioma advocacy group for recommendations.

Is mesothelioma always caused by asbestos exposure?

While asbestos exposure is the most common cause of mesothelioma, there are other factors that can increase the risk of developing the disease, such as radiation exposure, certain genetic mutations, and exposure to other mineral fibers or chemicals.

Can mesothelioma be passed down through genetics?

While there is no direct evidence that mesothelioma is hereditary, there may be certain genetic factors that can increase the risk of developing the disease. If you have a family history of mesothelioma, you should talk to your doctor about whether genetic testing is appropriate for you.

What resources are available for mesothelioma patients and their families?

There are several resources available for mesothelioma patients and their families, including support groups, advocacy organizations, and financial assistance programs. Your doctor or social worker can help you access these resources.

What should I do if I’ve been diagnosed with intraperitoneal mesothelioma?

If you’ve been diagnosed with intraperitoneal mesothelioma, it’s important to work closely with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. You should also consider seeking emotional support from friends, family, or a support group, as mesothelioma can be a difficult diagnosis to cope with.

Can I still work if I’ve been diagnosed with mesothelioma?

Whether or not you can continue working after a mesothelioma diagnosis will depend on several factors, such as the stage and severity of the disease, the type of treatment you’re receiving, and the physical demands of your job. You should discuss your options with your doctor and employer to determine the best course of action.

How can I support mesothelioma research?

You can support mesothelioma research by donating to mesothelioma foundations and advocacy groups, participating in clinical trials, and advocating for increased government funding for mesothelioma research.


Intraperitoneal mesothelioma is a rare but devastating form of cancer that is caused by exposure to asbestos. While the prognosis for mesothelioma is generally poor, there are several treatment options available that can help to manage symptoms and prolong survival. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with mesothelioma, it’s important to work closely with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. We hope that this article has provided you with valuable information about mesothelioma and its treatment, and we encourage you to take action by seeking medical help if you think that you may be at risk.


We hope that this article has been informative and helpful in your understanding of intraperitoneal mesothelioma. This article was written with the goal of providing you with the most accurate information possible. However, please keep in mind that mesothelioma is a complex disease, and the information provided here should not be used as a substitute for medical advice. If you have any questions or concerns about mesothelioma, we encourage you to speak with your doctor or a qualified healthcare professional. We wish you all the best on your journey towards recovery and good health.