Mesothelioma What Is It: A Detailed Guide

🚨 Attention: This article contains important information about mesothelioma. 🚨


Welcome, readers! We are living in a world where diseases threaten our health and well-being. One of the most serious diseases is mesothelioma, a rare form of cancer that affects the lining of the lungs, abdomen, or heart. Mesothelioma is a life-altering disease that can be fatal if not diagnosed early and treated promptly. In this article, we will explore mesothelioma in a detailed manner, including its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.

First, let’s understand what mesothelioma really is.

What is Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops in the mesothelium, a thin membrane that covers and protects our internal organs. The mesothelium is made up of two layers, and the space between them is filled with lubricating fluid that allows the organs to move smoothly. Mesothelioma can affect the lining of the lungs (pleura), abdomen (peritoneum), or heart (pericardium). The disease occurs when the cells in the mesothelium begin to divide uncontrollably, leading to the formation of tumors.

What Causes Mesothelioma?

The primary cause of mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos, a mineral that was once commonly used in construction and manufacturing industries. Asbestos fibers are tiny and can be easily inhaled, which can cause damage to the mesothelium over time. Other factors that contribute to the development of mesothelioma include genetics, radiation exposure, and viral infections.

What are the Symptoms of Mesothelioma?

The symptoms of mesothelioma can vary depending on the type of cancer and the stage of the disease. However, some common symptoms include:

Type of Mesothelioma Symptoms
Pleural Mesothelioma Chest pain, shortness of breath, persistent coughing, fatigue, and weight loss.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma Abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss.
Pericardial Mesothelioma Chest pain, shortness of breath, coughing, irregular heartbeat, and fatigue.

How is Mesothelioma Diagnosed?

Mesothelioma can be challenging to diagnose due to its subtle symptoms and rarity. The diagnosis usually involves a series of tests and procedures, including:

Physical examination: The doctor will check for any lumps, swelling, or fluid buildup in your body.

Imaging tests: X-rays, CT scans, MRI, and PET scans can help detect abnormalities in the body.

Biopsy: A tissue sample is taken from the affected area and examined under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis.

What are the Treatment Options for Mesothelioma?

The treatment for mesothelioma depends on several factors, including the stage of the disease, the location of the tumors, and the overall health of the patient. Some common treatment options include:

Surgery: The surgical procedure may involve removing a part of the affected mesothelium, the entire lung, or the affected organ.

Chemotherapy: Drugs are used to shrink or destroy cancer cells.

Radiation therapy: High-energy radiation is used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.

Immunotherapy: The treatment involves using the patient’s immune system to fight cancer.


1. Can mesothelioma be cured?

There is no known cure for mesothelioma, but treatment options can help improve the patient’s quality of life and prolong survival.

2. Is mesothelioma a hereditary disease?

No, mesothelioma is not a hereditary disease. However, genetics may play a role in some cases.

3. Can smoking cause mesothelioma?

Smoking does not cause mesothelioma directly. However, smoking can increase the risk of lung cancer, which can sometimes be mistaken for mesothelioma.

4. How long does it take for mesothelioma to develop?

The latency period for mesothelioma can range from 10 to 50 years, which means that the disease can take decades to develop after exposure to asbestos.

5. Is mesothelioma contagious?

No, mesothelioma is not contagious and cannot be spread from person to person.

6. Can mesothelioma be prevented?

The best way to prevent mesothelioma is to avoid exposure to asbestos. If you work in an industry that involves asbestos, make sure to follow safety guidelines and wear protective clothing and equipment.

7. What is the life expectancy for mesothelioma patients?

The life expectancy for mesothelioma patients depends on several factors, including the stage of the disease, age, overall health, and treatment options. However, the average survival rate is between 12 to 21 months.

8. What are the risk factors for mesothelioma?

The primary risk factor for mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos. Other factors that may increase the risk of developing mesothelioma include radiation exposure, viral infections, and genetics.

9. Can mesothelioma affect children?

Yes, mesothelioma can affect children, but it is rare. The disease usually affects adults who have been exposed to asbestos over a long period.

10. Is mesothelioma curable if diagnosed early?

The chances of surviving mesothelioma are higher if the disease is diagnosed early and treated promptly. However, there is no known cure for mesothelioma.

11. Can mesothelioma be misdiagnosed?

Yes, mesothelioma can be misdiagnosed because its symptoms are similar to other conditions, such as lung cancer and pneumonia. That is why it is crucial to seek medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms.

12. Can mesothelioma affect non-smokers?

Yes, mesothelioma can affect non-smokers who have been exposed to asbestos. In fact, the disease is more common in non-smokers than smokers.

13. Are there any new treatments for mesothelioma?

Researchers are constantly exploring new treatments for mesothelioma, including targeted therapy, gene therapy, and immunotherapy. Clinical trials are also underway to test the efficacy of these treatments.


Mesothelioma is a serious and life-threatening disease that requires immediate attention. If you have been exposed to asbestos or experience any symptoms of mesothelioma, it is crucial to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Although there is no known cure for mesothelioma, treatment options can help improve the patient’s quality of life and prolong survival. And, it’s important to take preventive measures to avoid exposure to asbestos.

Thank you for reading our detailed guide on mesothelioma. We hope that this article has provided you with valuable information about the disease.


The information provided in this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.