Malignant Mesothelioma: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention


Welcome to our article about malignant mesothelioma, a rare and aggressive cancer that affects the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs, chest wall, abdomen, and heart. We understand how devastating this diagnosis can be, not only for patients but also for their families and loved ones. Our goal is to provide you with accurate and reliable information about this disease to help you make informed decisions.

In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of malignant mesothelioma. We will also provide you with some frequently asked questions and their answers. We hope that our efforts will help you understand this disease more clearly and give you some ideas on how to cope with it.

What is Malignant Mesothelioma?

Malignant mesothelioma is a type of cancer that affects the mesothelium, a thin and delicate layer of tissue that covers the internal organs and lines the cavities of the body. The mesothelium helps to reduce friction between organs and provides protection against infections.

Malignant mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos, a group of naturally occurring minerals that were widely used in construction, shipbuilding, and manufacturing for their insulating and fireproofing properties. Asbestos fibers can be inhaled or ingested and can accumulate in the mesothelium, causing inflammation and DNA damage that can lead to the development of cancer.

What are the Symptoms of Malignant Mesothelioma?

The symptoms of malignant mesothelioma can vary depending on the location and stage of the cancer. Some of the most common symptoms include:

Symptom Description
Chest pain Painful sensation in the chest, sometimes accompanied by shortness of breath
Dry cough A persistent cough that does not go away and does not produce mucus
Fatigue A feeling of extreme tiredness and lack of energy
Fever An abnormal increase in body temperature, usually above 100.4°F
Loss of appetite A decrease in the desire to eat, often accompanied by weight loss
Night sweats Perspiration during sleep that soaks through the clothes or bed linen
Swelling A buildup of fluid in the abdomen, chest, or limbs

If you experience any of these symptoms and have been exposed to asbestos in the past, we recommend that you consult a doctor as soon as possible.

How is Malignant Mesothelioma Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma usually involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging tests, and laboratory analyses. Your doctor may ask you questions about your exposure to asbestos, your symptoms, and your family history of cancer. They may also perform a physical examination to check for signs of fluid buildup, swelling, or other abnormalities.

Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans can provide detailed images of the affected areas and help your doctor to determine the location and extent of the cancer. Laboratory analyses of blood and tissue samples can also provide valuable information about the type and stage of the cancer.

How is Malignant Mesothelioma Treated?

The treatment of malignant mesothelioma depends on many factors, such as the location and stage of the cancer, the age and overall health of the patient, and the presence of other medical conditions. Some of the most common treatments include:


Surgery is often used to remove the cancerous tissue and improve the patient’s quality of life. Depending on the location and extent of the cancer, surgery may involve the removal of part or all of the affected organ, such as the lung or diaphragm.


Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill the cancer cells and prevent them from spreading to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy can be given orally, intravenously, or directly to the affected area.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy beams to kill the cancer cells and shrink the tumors. Radiation therapy may be used alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy.

Can Malignant Mesothelioma be Prevented?

The best way to prevent malignant mesothelioma is to avoid exposure to asbestos. If you work in an industry that uses asbestos or live in an older building that may contain asbestos, we recommend that you take some precautions, such as:

  • Wearing protective clothing and respiratory equipment
  • Following safe work practices and procedures
  • Having your home or workplace inspected for asbestos
  • Having any asbestos-containing materials removed by trained and certified professionals


What are the Risk Factors for Malignant Mesothelioma?

The main risk factor for malignant mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos. Other risk factors include smoking, radiation exposure, and certain genetic mutations.

What is the Prognosis for Malignant Mesothelioma?

The prognosis for malignant mesothelioma depends on many factors, such as the location and stage of the cancer, the age and overall health of the patient, and the effectiveness of the treatment. Unfortunately, malignant mesothelioma is often diagnosed at an advanced stage, which can make it difficult to treat and reduce the patient’s life expectancy.

Can Malignant Mesothelioma Spread to Other Parts of the Body?

Yes, malignant mesothelioma can spread to other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, chest wall, or abdominal organs. This is called metastasis and can make the cancer more difficult to treat.

Can Malignant Mesothelioma be Inherited?

No, malignant mesothelioma is not usually inherited. However, some rare genetic mutations have been associated with an increased risk of developing the disease.

Are There Lawsuits for Malignant Mesothelioma?

Yes, there have been many lawsuits related to malignant mesothelioma, especially against companies that have used asbestos in their products or workplaces. These lawsuits can provide compensation for medical expenses, lost income, and other damages.

Is Malignant Mesothelioma Curable?

Unfortunately, malignant mesothelioma is often not curable, especially if it is diagnosed at an advanced stage. However, early detection and treatment can improve the patient’s quality of life and increase their life expectancy.

Can Malignant Mesothelioma be Detected by Blood Tests?

There is no single blood test that can detect malignant mesothelioma. However, some blood tests can provide information about the levels of certain proteins or biomarkers that are associated with the disease. These tests can be used in combination with other diagnostic tools to help diagnose or monitor the cancer.

What is the Difference between Malignant and Benign Mesothelioma?

The main difference between malignant and benign mesothelioma is that malignant mesothelioma is cancerous and can spread to other parts of the body, while benign mesothelioma is non-cancerous and does not spread. Benign mesothelioma can still cause symptoms and may require treatment, but it is usually less aggressive and easier to treat than malignant mesothelioma.

Can Smoking Cause Malignant Mesothelioma?

No, smoking is not a direct cause of malignant mesothelioma. However, smoking can increase the risk of developing other types of cancer, such as lung cancer, and can worsen the symptoms of malignant mesothelioma if a person already has it.

Are There Alternative Treatments for Malignant Mesothelioma?

There are some alternative treatments for malignant mesothelioma, such as acupuncture, herbal medicine, and nutritional therapy. However, these treatments have not been proven to be effective in treating or curing the cancer, and some may even be harmful or interfere with conventional treatments.

Can Malignant Mesothelioma Come Back After Treatment?

Yes, malignant mesothelioma can come back after treatment, even if the cancer was removed or reduced during the initial treatment. This is called recurrence and can happen months or years after the treatment. Recurrent malignant mesothelioma can be more difficult to treat than the initial cancer and may require a different approach.

How Can I Cope with Malignant Mesothelioma?

Coping with malignant mesothelioma can be challenging, both emotionally and physically. It is important to have a strong support system, including family, friends, and healthcare professionals, who can provide you with guidance, encouragement, and practical assistance. You may also find it helpful to join a support group or seek counseling to discuss your feelings and concerns with people who have gone through similar experiences.

Can Malignant Mesothelioma Be Prevented in the Long Term?

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent malignant mesothelioma in the long term, taking steps to avoid exposure to asbestos can reduce the risk. It is also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and avoid smoking or second-hand smoke.

How Can I Support Malignant Mesothelioma Research?

You can support malignant mesothelioma research by making a donation to a reputable charity or organization that funds research into this disease. You can also participate in clinical trials or volunteer for studies that aim to improve the treatment and prevention of malignant mesothelioma.


In conclusion, malignant mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancer that can be caused by exposure to asbestos. Symptoms may include chest pain, dry cough, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, night sweats, and swelling. Diagnosis may involve medical history, physical examination, imaging tests, and laboratory analyses. Treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Prevention may involve avoiding exposure to asbestos and following safe work practices and procedures. Coping with malignant mesothelioma can be challenging, but with the right support and resources, it is possible to manage the disease and maintain a good quality of life.

Take Action Today!

If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with malignant mesothelioma, we urge you to take action today. Consult a doctor, seek support from family and friends, and explore your treatment options. Remember that you are not alone in this fight, and there are many resources available to help you cope with this disease. Together, we can raise awareness about malignant mesothelioma and work towards a cure.


This article is meant to provide general information about malignant mesothelioma and should not be construed as medical advice. Always consult a qualified healthcare professional if you have any questions or concerns about your health or the health of a loved one. We encourage readers to seek out additional sources of information and support and to take an active role in managing their health.